Foot fungus is a very common disease. According to statistics, about half of humanity in one form or another suffers from this disease, because in the early stages the disease itself almost does not manifest itself.
Catch it easy, just one contact with the source of infection. You can get foot fungus in someone else's bath, bath, dressing room, or using someone else's slippers.
The problem must be solved when the first symptoms are detected. For the treatment they use inexpensive but effective drugs, they are able to overcome the foot fungus in a short time.
It is possible to infect a fungus only through direct contact with it.
Most often this occurs in public places: swimming pools, baths, saunas, locker rooms, especially when using someone else's shoes or walking barefoot. It is possible the transfer of the fungus when using poorly disinfected pedicure tools.
Most people have strong immunity to cope with the disease. But there are certain factors that contribute to the appearance of the fungus:
- Elderly age. Older people should be much more careful due to reduced immunity.
- Injuries to the skin of the feet. Through open wounds, the fungus is much easier to penetrate into the human body, and begin to actively proliferate. You must carefully monitor the state of their feet for the presence of any kind of damage on them. In case of detection, it is necessary to carefully treat the affected area.
- The use of shoes made of synthetic materials. In the closed shoe, which sits on the foot very tightly, the legs sweat more actively. This leads to the creation of excellent conditions for the reproduction of the causative agent of the fungus.
- The presence of immunodeficiency. It is observed in those who take corticosteroids for a long time in HIV-infected people.
- Frequent and prolonged exposure of feet in a moist and relatively warm environment (increased sweating, wet shoes, etc.). Care must be taken to keep feet warm and dry.
- Walking barefoot (or in someone else's replacement shoes) in sports clubs, swimming pools, saunas. The fungus is very tenacious; he can jump from the floor or someone else's shoes onto the skin of your foot.
Most often, the fungus begins in the space between the toes, then spreads to the lower and lateral parts of the foot.
Signs of infection
The list of the first signs of the arising foot fungus consists of:
- started peeling of the skin;
- the appearance of scales and thickening of the skin;
- the occurrence of redness;
- the appearance of small bubbles with sukrovitsy;
- the appearance of various cracks in the skin between all fingers;
- the occurrence of light burning and itching.
It is worth remembering that each individual symptoms appear individually, someone all at once, and someone only one.
Symptoms of foot fungus
When a foot fungus appears, the symptoms that are pronounced are itching and inflammation of the skin on the feet. The affected skin peels off over time, cracking. At the same time, the symptoms directly depend on the type of foot fungus that occurs.
- In the erased form of the disease, patients have almost no complaints: the itch almost does not bother them. These patients are often the source of infection for others.
- The intertriginous form of the fungus begins with soak, redness and puffiness. Over time, erosion and deep cracks appear on the skin, covered with scales at the edges. Patients are worried about severe itching, pain and unpleasant smell.
- Hyperkeratotic form - is an infiltrated skin thickening with a distinctly mucous peeling, observed in the skin folds. Accompanied by keratinized, with cracks, patches, itching and dryness, corresponding discomfort. In rare cases - pain.
- Dyshidrotic - accompanied by the formation of small bubbles filled with clear liquid, which in case of severe inflammation can be opened, forming an eroded surface. When a disease of this form occurs, peeling and flaking of the skin with severe itching, turning into a burning sensation, swelling and even an increase in temperature.
Based on the parasitic fungus, the response of the body can be very diverse: from the reaction of the immune system to allergic reactions. Therefore, to understand how to cure a foot fungus, you first need to know its pathogen.
Stage of the disease
Before prescribing drugs, you need to decide on the stage at which the foot fungus is located.
- Incubation period. The duration of this stage can vary in a fairly wide range - from 3 to 14 days.
- The stage of the initial manifestations. During this period, itchy feet, the skin turns red and slightly swells, there are small cracks.
- Middle stage On the skin spots appear, which gradually grow, peel and itch.
- Extensive fungal infection. The process involves the nail on the foot, which loses shine, tarnishes, crumbles and deforms. The skin of the feet exfoliates, there are deep painful cracks.
If timely and effective treatment of mycosis of the feet is not carried out, then after the onset of short-term improvement, a relapse of the ailment and a transition to the chronic form can be observed.
What does a foot fungus look like: photo
How to get rid?
Treatment of mycoses should begin with a diagnosis, because several types of fungi can affect the skin. They can be joined by a bacterial infection, which complicates therapy.
The doctor conducts an examination, examining the skin under a special lamp and taking scrapings. After that, he will tell you exactly what inexpensive but effective drugs to take for treatment, as well as how long it will take to get rid of the fungus forever.
Treatment of foot fungus: ointment, cream, tablets
What are inexpensive, but effective drugs on the market? Let's consider in more detail. So, among the actual drugs that are presented in the pharmacy can be identified:
- tanactin (tolnaftat);
- miconazole (micatin).
- lamisil (terbinafine);
- clotrimazole (lotrimin);
All ointments and creams for the treatment of foot fungus are applied externally and are applied only to the affected area. More potent drugs, if the above do not give the necessary result:
- terbinafine or lamisil tablets;
- Diflucan (fluconazole) tablets;
- Sporanox (itraconazole) tablets;
- butenafine (mentax) ointment;
- naftifine (naftin) ointment.
In the case of a severe form of foot fungus, systemic treatment is necessary, which only a dermatologist will prescribe, possibly in combination with folk remedies.
How to treat foot fungus at home
In combination with medications for the treatment of fungus using time-tested folk recipes, they are easy to use at home.
- One liter of boiling water pour four tablespoons of celandine herb and boil the broth for 3 minutes. Soar feet in this bath need for half an hour. You need to take this bath for 3 weeks, without missing a single day.
- Take the garlic and rub it on a grater or crush it in the garlic press. Mix the garlic mass with an equal amount of butter. The resulting mass is used to lubricate the affected skin twice a day until complete recovery.
- At the initial stage of the disease, sprinkle instant coffee cracks between your fingers and walk. According to reviews, the fungus passes very quickly.
- Often, peppermint pounded with salt is applied to the affected areas.
- Birch tar. Steam feet in soapy water, clean with pumice stone and smear with tar. After 1.5 hours to erase tar, feet do not wash. After 2 days, repeat the procedure. 3-4 treatments are enough for complete recovery.
- Good results gives tea tree oil. Provided that the degree of damage to the skin of the legs is not strong. Usually the treatment lasts 3 months.
In parallel, you should do the immune system. She must be always on top. If the doctor considers it necessary, prescribe special physiotherapy and antifungal therapy in the form of tablets.
To cure the foot fungus faster, pay attention to the following recommendations:
- Enhance immunity: taking vitamins, immunostimulants.
- Treatment of the underlying disease, which weakens the body and creates a fertile ground for the occurrence of a fungal infection. As such pathologies, chronic infections and various skin diseases are most often used.
- The use of antibiotics when joining a bacterial fungal infection.
As a rule, fungal infections of the feet do not pose a great danger to human health and life. But they have a chronic course, are a focus of inflammation, reduce immunity, and also lead to the appearance of allergic reactions.